When a substance has passed through the glomerular capillary endothelial cells, glomerular basement membrane and podocytes, it enters the lumen of the tubule and is called glomerular filtrate. Otherwise, it leaves the glomerulus through the efferent arteriole and continues the circulation, as discussed below and as shown in the image. The glomerulus receives its blood supply from an afferent arteriole from the renal artery circulation. Unlike most capillary beds, glomerular capillaries are more likely to emerge as efferent arterioles than venules. The strength of efferent arterioles causes sufficient hydrostatic pressure in the glomerulus to provide the ultrafiltration force. The damage caused to the glomerulus by the disease can allow red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and blood proteins such as albumin and globulin to pass through the glomerular filtration barrier. The underlying causes of glomerular lesions can be inflammatory, toxic or metabolic.  These can be seen in the urine (urinalysis) during microscopic and chemical examination (gauge). Glomerular diseases include diabetic kidney disease, glomerulonephritis (inflammation), glomerulosclerosis (hardening of the glomeruli) and IgA nephropathy.  The glomerulus has a glomerular basement membrane composed mainly of laminins, type IV collagen, grin and nidogs, synthesized and secreted by both endothelial cells and podocytes: thus, the glomerular basement membrane is trapped between the glomerular capillaries and podocytes. The glomerular basement membrane has a thickness of 250 to 400 nm, which is thicker than basement membranes made up of other tissues.
It is a barrier to blood proteins such as albumin and globulin.  Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article on the glomerulus The pronephric cave with its glomerulus is structurally identical to a squamous body. We have reason to believe that blood cells and vascular channels of the glomerulus are developed in situ. The capillaries of the glomerulus are lined with endothelial cells. These contain many pores – also called fenestrae – with a diameter of 50 to 100 nm.  Unlike other capillaries with windows, these windows are not spanned by diaphragms.  They allow the filtration of fluids, substances dissolved in blood plasma and proteins while preventing the filtration of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. As we hope to show, this room will soon be largely filled with a vascular glomerulus.
The filtration rate of the glomerulus at the Bowman capsule is determined (as in systemic capillaries) by the Starling equation: Blood leaves the glomerular capillaries by an efferent arteriole instead of a venule, as seen in most capillary systems (Fig. 4).  This allows for stricter control of blood flow through the glomerulus, as arterioles expand and shrink more easily than venules due to their thick circular smooth muscle layer (tunic). The blood that leaves the efferent arteriole enters a renal venule, which in turn enters a renal interlobular vein, and then into the renal vein. Capillaries in loop of glomeruli between arterioles The glomerulus in the kidney was so named by the Italian anatomist Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694). The structure was once called a malphragic corpuscle. „Glomerulus“ is the diminutive form of the Latin „glomus“, which means „ball of thread“. It`s literally a „little ball of wire.“ Plural: glomeruli. The main function of the glomerulus is to filter plasma to produce a glomerular filtrate that descends along the nephron tubule to form urine. The rate at which the glomerulus produces filtrate from plasma (the glomerular filtration rate) is much higher than in systemic capillaries due to the special anatomical properties of the glomerulus.
Unlike systemic capillaries, which draw blood from highly resistant arterioles and flow to low-strength venules, glomerular capillaries are associated with highly resistant arterioles at both ends: the afferent arteriole and the efferent arteriole. This arrangement of two serial arterioles determines the high hydrostatic pressure on the glomerular capillaries, which is one of the forces that promote the filtration of the Bowman capsule.  The glomerulus is a tuft of capillaries located in Bowman`s capsule in the kidney.  Glomerular mesogoniolic cells structurally support clumps. Blood enters the capillaries of the glomerulus through a single arteriole called an afferent arteriole and leaves it through an efferent arteriole.  Capillaries consist of a tube lined with endothelial cells with a central light. The spaces between these endothelial cells are called fenestrae. The walls have a unique structure: there are pores between the cells that allow water and soluble substances to escape and enter the capsule in the form of ultrafiltrate after passing through the glomerular basement membrane and between the processes of the podocytic foot. Glomerulus: 1.In of the kidney, a tiny spherical structure made up of capillary blood vessels that are actively involved in filtering blood to form urine. The glomerulus is one of the key structures that make up the nephron, the functional unit of the kidney. 2.
In the olfactory bulb, an anatomically discrete module that receives input from an olfactory sensory neuron. The glomerulus (plural glomeruli) is a network of small blood vessels (capillaries) called tufts, located at the beginning of a nephron in the kidney.